In 2020, The Nate launched a competition about “What will Hong Kong’s Residential or Office Space Look Like in the immediate future”. As a result, Bagua+Bhava Team made a proposal in order to response this question in the future Hong Kong, even the world and we are the winner of this competition.

After one year, the pandemic problem still has not been tackled and it is affected all human beings’ lifestyles. Post COVID-19, will the way that we live and work change? In a densely populated city like Hong Kong, where living space is typically small, there will likely still be a need for office space, but what will it look like? And the answer is HYBRID WORKING.

Hong Kong commuters in masks, going to work in Central. Photo: May Tse / SCMP

What is Hybrid Working? According to FCCinnovation. “Hybrid means the mixing of two or more different things, whether that’s a plant, a piece of music, or famously, a vehicle. So, it follows that hybrid working is a mix of office-based work and working from home or another location. As lockdown eases, employees are going back to offices, but many of them are not in the office full time and are moving between their traditional desk and their home office.” Gartner CFO survey reveals 74% intend to shift some employees to remote work permanently and 30% of companies say the right cloud collaboration tools can improve company productivity according to McKinsey Research. As a result, in a certain extent, Hybrid Working will become a new movement in the future.

In Hong Kong even the world. Hybrid Working will change the way that we live and work in three aspects. The Living Space, The Working Space and the City Space.

01. The Living Space

In the future living space, most of the time people can stay and work at home. Therefore, a residential unit will be divided in two areas. One is Resting Zone and other one is Working Zone.

Future Residential Unit in Hong Kong
Hybrid Working Zoning Plan
Hybrid Working Layout Plan

Open Working Space can provide an interactive function and open space if the owners are working in some creative business such as designers, artists and so on.

Model 01 – Open Working Space

Semi-Open Working Space can provide private space if the owners need to be very focus and no disturbing on their jobs.

Module 02 – Semi-open Working Space

Enclosed Working Space can provide a separate space between the working area and the living area in a residential unit.

Model 03 – Enclosed Working Space

Moving the cabinet to one side and it will become a resting area from the working area. Therefore, the owner can get a larger space to get some rest after work.

Model 04- Entertainment Space

Finished one day work, the owners can adjust the sofa layout and pull out the bed from the platform in order to watch a nice movie and a nice sleep.

Model 05- Sleeping Space

Hybrid working brings flexibility on location, times and days that work is carried out. Review and revise Work From Home policies and focus on what employees need to be productive in their role.

02. Working Space

Home working and co-working spaces will rise in prominence but we’ll still see a need for a central company work space for meeting, collaboration and to give the workforce its sense of identity. On the other hand, do we still need a fixing or private desk for the future working space? No. And we just need three functions in the future office. They are Working Area, Resting Area and Meeting Area,

Three functions in the future working space
Future Working Space Design
Future Working Space Design

Hybrid Working is a flexible new working trend across multiple locations, immersive workspace and consistent experiences.

03. City Space

Shophouse (前舖後居) is a building type serving both as a residence and a commercial business which is “a shop opening on to the pavement and also used as the owner’s residence” and became a commonly used term since the 1950s. Shophouse can be found in old Hong Kong and Macau, and it is found in a building type known as Tong lau.

Can we apply “shophouse” in the future Hong Kong architecture?

‘Life in Hong Kong in 1969’ Limited Edition Photo Book by Redge Solley

The Shophouse in the old Hong Kong. Can we apply “shophouse” in the future Hong Kong architecture?


In the hybrid working era, we work from home most of the time and we seldom work in the office. As a result, do we need an office building in the future? Or we can absorb the shophouse method that mean combine the living space and the working space in a building at a same time.

Typical Resident Building
Typical Office Building
Residence and Working Space in a same building
Future Buildings in Hong Kong even in the world
Different cities and locations can be applied
Work is not a place. It is what you do.
Businesses will look to smaller offices dispersed across more locations

The reason that hybrid working is the new normal is because of sustainability. Working from home can reduce the working spaces and the government can create more residences for the citizen. Besides that, due to the reduction of the working spaces, more green areas such as parks can be built in order to achieve a sustainable society.

The Future City Buildings

Year : 2020
Type : Competition
Client : District15 & The Nate
Location : Hong Kong
Area : 375 sq.ft.
Status : Concept
Awards : 1st Prize of the Nate Competition

Partner in Charge : Gavin Leung
Fellow in Charge :
Project Leader :
Design Team :

Images : ©Bagua+Bhava
Visualisations : ©Bagua+Bhava

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